Guadalajara is the capital city of the central state of Jalisco in Mexico. It’s also the second largest city in the country and considered a colonial city, although much of its architecture dates from the independence period.
Guadalajara is one of the fastest growing metropolitan areas in the country. This growth has been driven in part by the booming electronic industry in the city’s industrial outskirts. Other important and growing industries are pharmaceuticals, food processing, and fashion.
Libertador Miguel Hidalgo International Airport is located south of the city along the Guadalajara-Chapala Highway. Is a 25-minute car ride to the center of the city.
Guadalajara has a humid subtropical climate, that is quite close to a tropical climate, featuring dry, warm winters and hot, wet summers.
The highest temperatures are usually reached in May averaging 33 °C (91 °F), but can reach up to 39 °C (102 °F) just before the onset of the wet season. March tends to be the driest month and July the wettest.
Guadalajara is the cultural center of western Mexico and the second most important cultural center in the country. It is nicknamed the “Pearl of the West.” While it is a modern city, it has kept many of the rural traditions of Jalisco, such as mariachi and a strong sense of Catholicism. Cultural tourism is one of the most important economic activities, especially in the historic center.
This is the birthplace of mariachi music and tequila, but also one of the country’s industrial and business centers, sometimes referred to as Mexico's Silicon Valley.
Unlike many colonial cities that maintain their original town plan, in the 1950s Guadalajara underwent a major project that changed the face of the city. Older buildings were razed to allow for wide avenues with new constructions, underground parking lots and shopping centers. Fortunately, the most beautiful older buildings were left intact.