Diagnosing infertility in a female patient may be a little bit complex. Therefore, the causes of infertility can be categorized per structure.
Ovulatory disorders are the most common diagnoses why the conception can’t be achieved. Fortunately, most of these cases can be treated by birth control pills or fertility drugs. As ovulation is a complex event, any disruption or decompensation of the orchestrating hormones can affect ovulation, therefore conception of a pregnancy. Amongst the common issues are anovulation, ovarian failure (premature menopause), ovarian scarring, PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome), malfunction of the hypothalamus, malfunction of the pituitary gland.
Malfunctioning in fallopian tubes recalls a high percentage of infertility in female patients. As the natural fertilization is performed in these structures, been compromised, the conception doesn’t take place. Infertility of fallopian tubes ranks from mild adhesions to complete tubal blockage. Usually, the advised treatment is surgery, but this does not guarantee that the fallopian tubes will be functional after the procedure. The main causes of tubal damage are infections (result of a STD), hydrosalpinx, abdominal diseases (appendicitis or colitis), previous surgeries causing adhesions, scarring and blockage, ectopic pregnancies resulting in oophorectomy and congenital defects.
At least a 15% of all infertility cases are caused by an abnormal uterus. It ranks from conditions such as fibroids, polyps, adenomyosis, endometriosis and obstruction of the uterine cavity. As well, abnormalities of congenital origin such as bicornuate uterus, if the septum is completely divided and won’t be able to hold a developing fetus.
Hormone unbalance may cause changes in the consistency of cervical mucus which difficults the sperm cells to swim easily within it.
Lifestyle and personal habits affect directly to infertility. Overweight and underweight can produce alterations on the ovulation cycle. Smoking, alcohol and drugs may impact in the generation of new cells. It is demonstrated in recent studies that smoking reduces the ovarian reserve of young fertile women. Stress is also a very important factor for infertility. Hormone induced stress interacts with the natural cycles and causes hormonal dysfunction affecting ovulation. In Med and ART we understand how stressing not been able to conceive has a major effect on our patient’s lives and that is why we are committed to bring the best quality care going step by step with you. Contact one of our agents for more information.